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References



Please find below a list of references from the 2021 ESC Guidelines on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention which are cited in the HeartScore webpages as well as in the HeartScore tool. 

Main publications:

SCORE2 risk prediction algorithms: new models to estimate 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease in Europe
SCORE2 working group and ESC Cardiovascular risk collaboration
European Heart Journal, ehab309, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehab309
Published: 13 June 2021

SCORE2-OP risk prediction algorithms: estimating incident cardiovascular event risk in older persons in four geographical risk regions
SCORE2-OP working group and ESC Cardiovascular risk collaboration
European Heart Journal, ehab312, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehab312
Published: 13 June 2021

2021 ESC Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: Developed by the Task Force for cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice with representatives of the European Society of Cardiology and 12 medical societies With the special contribution of the European Association of Preventive Cardiology (EAPC)
European Heart Journal, Volume 42, Issue 34, 7 September 2021, Pages 3227–3337, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehab484
Published: 30 August 2021

Additional references:

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(371) Kraus WE, Powell KE, Haskell WL, Janz KF, Campbell WW, Jakicic JM, Troiano RP, Sprow K, Torres A, Piercy KL, 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. Physical Activity, All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality, and Cardiovascular Disease. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2019;51:1270–1281. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001939

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(378) Liu Y, Lee DC, Li Y, Zhu W, Zhang R, Sui X, Lavie CJ, Blair SN. Associations of Resistance Exercise with Cardiovascular Disease Morbidity and Mortality. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2019;51:499–508. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001822

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